( ISSN 2277 - 9809 (online) ISSN 2348 - 9359 (Print) ) New DOI : 10.32804/IRJMSH

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    1 Author(s):  DR.A.KUSUMA

Vol -  10, Issue- 11 ,         Page(s) : 131 - 136  (2019 ) DOI : https://doi.org/10.32804/IRJMSH


Child marriages were common throughout the history of world. Today, child marriage is still fairly widespread, particularly in developing countries. ‘Child Marriage is violation of girls’ human rights and undermines development efforts worldwide’ as per the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) report. Child marriage refers to any formal marriage or informal union below the age of 18 years of a girl child and 21 years of a male child. Many social, economic and religious factors play for child marriages. Approximately 12 million girls are married in each year before they reach the age of 18 years. In India, child marriage is illegal, but still occurs and has declined moderately for the last 15 years. 25 million child marriages prevented in last decade in India due to accelerated progress, according to new UNICEF estimates. Child marriage threatens the health, childhood and their lives of girl children. Girls those who are going to marry before 18 years, they are going to have low birth-weight babies, both triggering maternal and infant mortality rate and also face domestic violence. The government of India passed ‘The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006’ to prevent the child marriages in India. Still we should to examine the infrastructure, incentives, government schemes and creation of awareness in a long perspective way to prevent the child marriage as “Our Daughter is Our Wealth”.

1. The Times of India, February 10, 2012.
2. Raj, A.; Saggurti, N.; Balaiah, D.; Silverman, J. G. (2009). "Prevalence of child marriage and its effect on fertility and fertility-control outcomes of young women in India: A Cross-Sectional, observational study", The Lancet, pp. 1883–1889.
3. The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act of 2006, The Gazette of India, Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India, January 11, 2007.
4. "Child marriage". UNICEF. 22 October 2014.
5. Child Marriage and Poverty ICRW Report 2018.
6. Ministry of Women and Child Welfare, Govt of India, A Handbook of Statistical Indicators of Indian Women, 14 July 2014.
7. "Prohibition of Child Marriage Act to prevail over personal laws: HC". The Indian Express. 25 September 2015.
8. Chandrasekhar, S., 2010, "Factors Affecting Age and Marriage and Age at First Birth in India," Journal of Quantitative Economics, pg. 83.  

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