( ISSN 2277 - 9809 (online) ISSN 2348 - 9359 (Print) ) New DOI : 10.32804/IRJMSH

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    1 Author(s):  RAMYA S

Vol -  10, Issue- 11 ,         Page(s) : 18 - 28  (2019 ) DOI : https://doi.org/10.32804/IRJMSH


Today the empowerment of women has become one of the most important concerns of 21st century. But practically women empowerment is still an illusion of reality. We observe in our day to day life how women become victimized by various social evils. (R.M.Shettar, 2015) The status of women in India has been subject to many great changes over the past few millennia. Women Empowerment refers to the creation of an environment for own for rheir personal benefits as well as for the society. In Karnataka the people employed and engaged in all forms of collecting waste, cleaning sewage pits and drains, sweeping roads and collecting and disposing human and animal excreta and animal corpses are called as Pourakarmikas. All municipal conservancy workers became to be referred as Pourakarmikas through a Government order in 1972. The concept of women empowerment was the outcome of several important critiques and debates generated by the women’s movement throughout the world, and particularly in the developing countries. In essence, the 1980s saw the rise of stringent feminist critiques of development strategies and grassroots interventions: mainly for these strategies having generally failed to make any significant dent in the status of women. This Paper attempt to analyze the Status of Women Pourakarmikas in Mysuru and highlights the Issues, Development and Challenges of women Empowerment. The study is pertained to the Mysuru City Mysuru district in the state of Karnataka, India. The significance of this study is to focus on the women Pourakarmikas who are exposed to the most virulent forms of viral and bacterial infections that affect their skin, eyes, and limbs, respiratory and gastrointestinal systems especially in the urban parts of Mysuru. Hence the study is based to rehabilitate the women Pourakarmikas and their Socio-economic study. The present study also signifies the present situation of the women Pourakarmikas as adequate economic alternative, it is often seen that women Pourakarmikas are not able to quit their degrading work.

1. Sharath Babu and Rashmi Shetty, Social Justice and Labour Jurisprudence: Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer's Contribution (New Delhi, Sage Publications, 2006), pp. 660.
2. “The Manual for Labour Officers in Karnataka”.
3. The Centre organized a 'Two Days Consultative Workshop on Unorganised Sector Workers Issues', held at International Training Centre, NLSIU, Bangalore on 17th and 18th February, 2006.
4. The Center's Participation in the Training Programme for Conciliation Officers conducted by V.V Giri National Labour Institute, Delhi, held at International Training Centre, NLSIU, Bangalore on 20th and 25th February 2005
5. The Centre organised a 'Two Days State Level Workshop on Awareness of Labour Legislations and Safety at the Workplace for Women Leaders', held at International Training Centre, NLSIU, Bangalore on 25th and 26th February, 2005.
6. New garbage contract in anti Pourakarmika, Nov 20th, 2012, 14:40 151 Bangalore agency, DNA (Article).
7.  Pourakarmikas have tight deadlines primitive working conditions. 11th Nov 2012 (Times of India).
8.  Raw deal for Pourakarmikas Aprl 3rd 2011 (Hindu). 
9.  Pourakarmikas allege explotation, Mysore, June 27, 2011 (The Hindu).

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