( ISSN 2277 - 9809 (online) ISSN 2348 - 9359 (Print) ) New DOI : 10.32804/IRJMSH

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VARIOUS IMPACTS OF MIGRATION: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO JUTE MILL LABOURERS IN THE CITY OF HOWRAH 1874-1947

    1 Author(s):  INDRAJEET YADAV

Vol -  7, Issue- 8 ,         Page(s) : 243 - 250  (2016 ) DOI : https://doi.org/10.32804/IRJMSH

Abstract

This paper intends to focus on the impacts of migratory activities in the city of Howrah. The city turned to an abode of immigrants who were chiefly employed in the jute mills. The paper primarily focuses on the immigrant labourers of the Howrah Mills Co., Ltd., registered on 14th July 1874,

  1.   Amal Das, Urban Politics is an Industrial Area, Calcutta, Saraswati Library, 1994, p.39.
  2.   G.M.Broughton, Labour in Indian Industries, Bombay, 1924, p. 131.
  3.   J.H.Kelman, Labour in India: a study of the conditions of Indian women in Modern Industry, London, George Allen Unwin, 1923, pp.98-99.
  4.   Report of the Royal Commission on Labour in India, London, His Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1931, p.17.
  5.   Ibid.
  6.   Anthony H. Richmond, Migration in Industrial Societies, in J.A. Jackson (ed.), Migration, Cambridge, The University Press,1969, p.275.
  7.   Ibid.
  8.   Report of the Royal Commission on Labour in India, London, His Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1931, p.17.
  9.   G.M. Broughton, Labour in Indian Industries, Bombay, 1924, p.174.
  10.  Report of the Royal Commission on Labour in India, London, His Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1931, p.17.
  11.   G.M. Broughton, Labour in Indian Industries, Bombay, 1924, p.175.
  12.   L. S.S.O’Malley & Monmohan Chakravarti, Bengal District Gazetteer: Howrah, (first published in 1909 by Bengal Secretariat Book Depot, Calcutta) WBDG, Kolkata, Saraswati Press, 2013, p.52.
  13.   A.Mitra, District Handbooks Howrah, Census 1951 West Bengal, Alipore, West Bengal Government Press,1953, p.xii.
  14.   Report of the Royal Commission on Labour in India, London, His Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1931, p.18.
  15.   Ibid.
  16.   Ibid.
  17.   Ibid.
  18.   S.R. Deshpande, Report on an Enquiry into Conditions of Labour in the Jute Mill Industry in India, Delhi, The Manager of Publications,1946,second para.,p.24.
  19.   Personal  Interview with  Bharat Ram and Nand Kumar Singh- two old and second generation workers of Howrah Mills Co., Ltd.,(Interview taken on19.10.2016).
  20.   Report of the Royal Commission on Labour in India, London, His Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1931, p.18.

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