( ISSN 2277 - 9809 (online) ISSN 2348 - 9359 (Print) ) New DOI : 10.32804/IRJMSH

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    1 Author(s):  RAVINDER

Vol -  7, Issue- 8 ,         Page(s) : 268 - 276  (2016 ) DOI : https://doi.org/10.32804/IRJMSH


“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.” Article 1, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948). Human Rights are most essential for the fullest development of an individual. Human rights are the claims of the individuals, are recognized by the society and are to be enforced by the state. Human rights are inherent in human nature and they are absolutely essential for living as a human being.

1. D.D.Basu, Human Rights in Constitutional Law (New Delhi, Prentice Hall, 1994)  
2. http://www.nhrc.in
3. National Human Rights Commission Report (2002-2003), ( New Delhi, 2003), p.170  
4. National Human Rights Commission of India v. State of Arunachal Pradesh, AIR 1996 SC 1235  
5. Hindustan Times, http://www.hindustantimes.com/news/181_1286049,0005.htm, visited on 19 April 2005.
6.   Writ Petition (Crl.) No. 497\95, Paramjit Kaur v. State of Punjab and others and Writ Petition (Crl.) No. 447\95, Committee for Information and Initiative on Punjab v. State of Punjab.
7.   The Protection of Human Rights Act,1993, as amended by the Protection of Human Rights(amended) Act, 2006
8. National Human Rights Commission of India, Arun Ray, Vol-II, 2004
9. Human Rights in India: Issues and Perspectives, Dr. S. Mehartaj Begum, A.P.H.Publishing Corporation, 2000
10. Journal of National Human Rights Commission, Vol 6, 2007

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