( ISSN 2277 - 9809 (online) ISSN 2348 - 9359 (Print) ) New DOI : 10.32804/IRJMSH

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PESSIMISM IN THOMAS HARDY’S NOVEL WITH REFERENCE TO ‘TESS OF THE D’URBERVILLES’.

    1 Author(s):  SUNDKE AATIF A.

Vol -  7, Issue- 8 ,         Page(s) : 238 - 242  (2016 ) DOI : https://doi.org/10.32804/IRJMSH

Abstract

Pessimism holds a significant place in human lives. In our day to day life we come across various situations which make us pessimistic or feel sad. We cannot separate ourselves from it. In other words we can say pessimism is an aspect of life which we cannot detach fully. By and large it is there with human being all through the life. It is an aspect which changes the life and the destinies of human beings. Pessimism manifests itself through the means of chance, co-incidence, fate, nature,

1. David Cecil, Hardy the Novelist. London: Constable and Company Ltd; 1954, p. 26
2. Lance St. John Butler, Thomas Hardy. London: New York: Melbourne: Cambridge University Press 1978, p.10
3. Lance St. John Butler, Thomas Hardy. London: New York: Melbourne: Cambridge University Press 1978, p.9
4. Penny Boumelha, Thomas Hardy and Women. London: The Harvester Press Ltd. 1982, p.145

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