( ISSN 2277 - 9809 (online) ISSN 2348 - 9359 (Print) ) New DOI : 10.32804/IRJMSH

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RUSSIA’S ENERGY POLICY AS A FOREIGN POLICY INSTRUMENTS

    1 Author(s):  PALLAVI MADHUKAR

Vol -  13, Issue- 4 ,         Page(s) : 133 - 138  (2022 ) DOI : https://doi.org/10.32804/IRJMSH

Abstract

Since 1991, the relationship between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Russian Federation has been the substantial barometer of Russia’s relations with west.. During the Cold War, the Alliance served primarily to deal with the ‘German question’ and to ward off the ‘Soviet threat.’ Following German reunification and the disappearance of the Soviet bloc, NATO lost a priori its justification.

D. Chollet and J. Goldgeier, America Between the Wars, From 11/9 to 9/11 , New York: Public Affairs, 2008, p. 124.
For information about the ideological reaction, see: T. Gomart, ‘Russie: Obama à l’épreuve de l’héritage Bush,’ Paris: Ifri, Russie.Nei.Visions , no. 39, April 2009, p. 11-12. On the type of leadership sought, see: R. Sakwa, ‘ “New Cold War’ or Twenty Years’ Crisis? Russia and International Politics,’ International Affairs , vol. 84, no. 2, 2008, p. 252.
M. Lee, “US warns firms about sanctions for work on Russian pipelines”, The Washington Post, 15 July 2020, https://www. wa

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